Scroll down to see Lessons 14, 15 and 16.
What are they?
What effect do they have on behavior?
What long-term problems do they create?
Can you retrain a poisoned Cue?
This much anticipated presentation is an expanded version of the lecture Dr. Jesús Rosales-Ruiz has presented at the Clicker Expo. In conversation with Alexandra Kurland the poisoned cue is discussed both in general terms and then specifically as it applies to horse training.
You can read more about the Poisoned Cue research in my blog: theclickercenterblog.com. I've written many posts about it.
Even good trainers can end up accidentally poisoning a training process. The Poisoned Cue DVD helps you understand what this means. It shows you how to recognize the "poisoned cue" look, and it also shows the contrast - what we want, happy "ven" animals. You'll find out what that means in the DVD.
This really is a "must watch" DVD. We have all experienced the poisoned cue effect. As you watch the DVD, you will understand what I mean. Everyone who teaches: every trainer - whatever the species you focus on; every parent; every employer and employee; everyone needs to understand the poisoned cue effect. Once you understand the dynamic and know what signs to look for to recognize when poisoned cues are impacting your training, you will be able to devise strategies to counteract it's effect.
This DVD was first produced in March 2009
Scroll down to see Lessons 15 and 16.
In the Microshaping DVD you learned how to be a better visual observer. Now in the Microriding lesson you'll learn how to be a better kinesthetic observer. We'll explore the three circuits that create a grounded, connected, body-aware, energized rider.
The Three Microriding Circuits:
The Grounding Circuit
The Crown Circuit
The Diaphragm Circuit
Learn what these circuits are and how they can be used in riding in this two DVD, four hour lesson.
This DVD can be watched at any point in the series. In fact, this lesson is easy to lift out of the clicker training structure in which it evolved to use in other more traditional riding lessons. If you are taking lessons, you might want to share it with your instructor. Who knows, you might find it's a great way to introduce people to the rest of clicker training!
This DVD was first produced in March 2009.
How good are your horse's brakes?
This two hour DVD teaches a basic safety lesson that creates reliable brakes without ever pulling back and blocking your horse's spine. It is a stepping-stone lesson leading to hip-shoulder-shoulder.
This lesson looks at a very essential question. Do you know how to stop your horse? And do you know how to stop him using a single rein - without pulling back - even when he's upset - and at the exact spot you picked out?
Good questions. The lesson shows you how to get there using the same circle around a cone exercise that I introduced you to in the "Capture the Saddle" DVD. In that lesson you learned how to steer a horse using single rein/riding on a triangle techniques. In this lesson you'll be using that same basic pattern - only this time the focus will be on stopping your horse.
The lesson features Hannah and her horse Lizzie. Lizzie came into the arena having an emotional fit. She was all wound up, screaming for her stable mate who had also come on the course but was now out of sight back in the barn. We've probably all had this ride. Your horse is tight as a drum, head up, sides vibrating with the force of the screams. Hannah was doing an excellent job staying with Lizzy, but we needed to interrupt the behavior and create, if possible, a change in emotions. Hannah was using the tools she had been taught in traditional riding lessons. That meant she had taken a firm hold of the reins. I wanted her to let go. Now that is the complete opposite of what riders want to do in this type of situation. The last thing that feels safe or productive is releasing the reins, but Hannah managed to follow my instructions. It really is quite remarkable to see the change in Lizzie. Literally in the time it has taken for me to type these last couple of sentences, she started to settle.
It was a fun lesson to watch. Hannah did a superb job riding it. And for once I had the video camera running from start to finish. The batteries didn't give out. I didn't run out of tape. We got the whole lesson recorded. And we were able to do a follow-up lesson the next day which was also filmed. The result is a great illustration of this very basic, but oh so important, lesson. Hannah did a superb job transitioning into the single-rein riding. It's a great lesson to watch because so many people find themselves at this same place in their riding. They're used to more traditional rein handling techniques. Taking the plunge into single-rein riding can seem at times as though you are jumping off a cliff. It's good to watch this lesson and to see that actually there is a wonderfully soft parachute waiting to catch you. Hannah shows you how doable the transition into single-rein riding really is.
That's the first lesson on the DVD. We build single-rein-riding brakes for Lizzie. Once you've got "whoa" it's good to have "go". In that same clinic we had another horse, Shiney, who had very little engine. Shiney is a wonderfully pleasant horse, a very appropriate match for his novice rider. If riding Lizzie was like trying to stay on top of a ball bouncing off the walls in a pin ball machine, riding Shiney was the complete opposite. Again, this will be an all too familiar ride for many of you. You know what its like trying to ride a horse who feels as though he's pulling his feet out of molasses.
Sarah started out carrying a dressage whip as she tried to keep the engine going long enough to get around a circle of cones. I had her set aside the whip and instead give single-rein riding a try. We used the same round-the-cone set up that had worked so well for Hannah and Lizzy, but now the goal was the complete opposite. In Hannah's ride we were looking for halts. In Sarah's ride we wanted energy. The lesson shows how the same set-up can generate both. It's a really fun concept. Your intent - what you are looking for from the turn - determines what you get: whoa or go.
This is actually a really important lesson to consider. If every horse you sit on seems to want to go, go, go without ever wanting to stop, perhaps that is what your energy, your seat is telling them. Do you have a down transition in your body? The lesson Lizzie and Hannah rode will help you find it. And if you have trouble finding the "keys to the ignition", riding the turns as Sarah did may help you connect to more energy.
I had just enough time at the end of the DVD to include another great ride I got on tape last summer. Again we were using the cone circle, but this lesson illustrates the importance of managing your goals so they don't take over. What do I mean by that? The lesson features Leslie and her very green, somewhat reactive mare, Charlotte. The task was to get on and ride over to the cone circle and the central mat. Now what many riders will do in this situation is they will ride a direct path to the mat - no matter what. If their horse over rotates through a turn, they over correct. They ask for a turn to the right which their horse gives them. But when they get more turn than they need, they block the turn and send the horse back to the left. Then they block on that side as well to stop the drift in that direction. They do indeed get to the mat, and they get there pretty directly, but they end up with a stiff horse. They were riding for the goal (get to the mat), not the underlying reaction patterns that would get them to the mat with a quality ride.
When their horse gave them that first right turn, they didn't tell the horse that was right. They didn't reward that good response. Instead they blocked it because they got more right turn than they needed. The horse doesn't know the object is to get to the mat. He just knows he was asked to turn right which he did. He thought he was doing the right thing, but now that's being blocked and he's being sent back the other way. There's a good chance he may get so confused and frustrated that he shuts down. Or he'll get stiff to protect himself from the blocking actions of leg and rein.
Leslie showed a very different approach. Each correct response was acknowledged and reinforced. She would ask for a right hand turn, and when Charlotte responded, click and treat. Then it was which way do you need to turn to be headed toward the mat? Each correct response was reinforced. They were in no hurry to get to the mat and the result was a very pretty, very relaxed young horse - who got to the mat in good form.
Letting goals take over is so normal. Especially when there is a physical goal in sight, we tend to get grabby. I found myself doing this not to long ago. I was riding to a marker on the arena wall. Thirty feet, twenty feet, even ten feet out from the marker, I was being a good ride-for-response rider. But when I got into the tractor-beam proximity of the marker, all of a sudden I found myself grabbing hold of the rein! I know better and I was still letting the goal take over. We were so close! Just a little firm feel and we'd get there! But at what a cost. Goals can so trip us up and mess up training, mess up relationships. I caught myself grabbing the rein, knew what I was doing and rode to the next marker better. But the ride illustrated for me just how important this concept is and how mindful we need to be about managing our goals. We need to create goal-oriented tasks for ourselves so we stay tuned up in the skill of riding for reaction pattern. The goal is a reference point. It gives us a way of measuring progress, of drawing us forward so we don't stall out in one place with our horses, with our lives. But the goal should remain that - a reference point. It should not take over so getting to the goal becomes everything and how we get there is overlooked.
Phew! All that from a simple lesson of riding to a mat. If everything is everything else, nothing is ever as simple as it seems!
The lessons covered in Lesson 16: Whoa! Stop! form a great prep for the next lesson: Hip-Shoulder-Shoulder. The subtitle for that DVD is "Your Power Tool for Performance Excellence". That's a great description. Hip-Shoulder-Shoulder is a major safety lesson. It will keep you safe when the world suddenly erupts into chaos and your horse thinks he needs to erupt along with it. It is a major rebalancing tool so it is also a key component for advanced training. You can read more about it in the next section.
The Whoa! Stop! DVD was first produced in February 2010
Author's Note: This has been a very popular DVD. I've noticed in the ordering that some people are skipping ahead and beginning with this DVD. If you're having trouble with your horse's brakes, that's understandable, but I'm not sure it's a good idea. All the riding work that I'm presenting is built on a foundation of solid ground work. Solving a riding problem begins there. In fact, if you do a good job with your ground work, many times you'll find the riding problem has resolved without your having to confront it directly.
The ground work sets your horse up to be successful. It shows him how to respond to your cues. By the time you get on, he'll already be in the habit of softening to your rein. He'll know what to do, and he'll be comfortable doing it. Problem averted.
And if something does happen that startles him or sends him scooting off too fast, you'll have the skills in place to handle the situation.
So I encourage people to build their ridden work in conjunction with good ground work. The previous DVDs also explain the single-rein/riding on a triangle technique which is used in this DVD. If you are beginning with this lesson, my concern would be that the riding will look unfamiliar to you and you won't understand the reasons behind this technique.
The basic lesson that is used in this Whoa! Stop! DVD is very much related to the lesson that was presented in " Lesson 11: Capture the Saddle". If we continue with the car analogy, in "Capture the Saddle" I show you how to use the cone circle to build a solid steering wheel. In "Whoa!, Stop!" I'm using the same cone pattern, but I'm shifting the focus to create great brakes. Both of these lessons are key components for safe riding. If you new to the DVDs and want to jump ahead into the riding, you might want to consider getting both "Capture the Saddle", and "Whoa! Stop!". I'd also suggest that you get "Helen House Horse" for the mechanics of single-rein riding. When you see what the work is about, you can fill in over time with the rest of the series.